ia64/linux-2.6.18-xen.hg

view kernel/pid.c @ 912:dd42cdb0ab89

[IA64] Build blktap2 driver by default in x86 builds.

add CONFIG_XEN_BLKDEV_TAP2=y to buildconfigs/linux-defconfig_xen_ia64.

Signed-off-by: Isaku Yamahata <yamahata@valinux.co.jp>
author Isaku Yamahata <yamahata@valinux.co.jp>
date Mon Jun 29 12:09:16 2009 +0900 (2009-06-29)
parents 831230e53067
children
line source
1 /*
2 * Generic pidhash and scalable, time-bounded PID allocator
3 *
4 * (C) 2002-2003 William Irwin, IBM
5 * (C) 2004 William Irwin, Oracle
6 * (C) 2002-2004 Ingo Molnar, Red Hat
7 *
8 * pid-structures are backing objects for tasks sharing a given ID to chain
9 * against. There is very little to them aside from hashing them and
10 * parking tasks using given ID's on a list.
11 *
12 * The hash is always changed with the tasklist_lock write-acquired,
13 * and the hash is only accessed with the tasklist_lock at least
14 * read-acquired, so there's no additional SMP locking needed here.
15 *
16 * We have a list of bitmap pages, which bitmaps represent the PID space.
17 * Allocating and freeing PIDs is completely lockless. The worst-case
18 * allocation scenario when all but one out of 1 million PIDs possible are
19 * allocated already: the scanning of 32 list entries and at most PAGE_SIZE
20 * bytes. The typical fastpath is a single successful setbit. Freeing is O(1).
21 */
23 #include <linux/mm.h>
24 #include <linux/module.h>
25 #include <linux/slab.h>
26 #include <linux/init.h>
27 #include <linux/bootmem.h>
28 #include <linux/hash.h>
30 #define pid_hashfn(nr) hash_long((unsigned long)nr, pidhash_shift)
31 static struct hlist_head *pid_hash;
32 static int pidhash_shift;
33 static kmem_cache_t *pid_cachep;
35 int pid_max = PID_MAX_DEFAULT;
36 int last_pid;
38 #define RESERVED_PIDS 300
40 int pid_max_min = RESERVED_PIDS + 1;
41 int pid_max_max = PID_MAX_LIMIT;
43 #define PIDMAP_ENTRIES ((PID_MAX_LIMIT + 8*PAGE_SIZE - 1)/PAGE_SIZE/8)
44 #define BITS_PER_PAGE (PAGE_SIZE*8)
45 #define BITS_PER_PAGE_MASK (BITS_PER_PAGE-1)
46 #define mk_pid(map, off) (((map) - pidmap_array)*BITS_PER_PAGE + (off))
47 #define find_next_offset(map, off) \
48 find_next_zero_bit((map)->page, BITS_PER_PAGE, off)
50 /*
51 * PID-map pages start out as NULL, they get allocated upon
52 * first use and are never deallocated. This way a low pid_max
53 * value does not cause lots of bitmaps to be allocated, but
54 * the scheme scales to up to 4 million PIDs, runtime.
55 */
56 typedef struct pidmap {
57 atomic_t nr_free;
58 void *page;
59 } pidmap_t;
61 static pidmap_t pidmap_array[PIDMAP_ENTRIES] =
62 { [ 0 ... PIDMAP_ENTRIES-1 ] = { ATOMIC_INIT(BITS_PER_PAGE), NULL } };
64 /*
65 * Note: disable interrupts while the pidmap_lock is held as an
66 * interrupt might come in and do read_lock(&tasklist_lock).
67 *
68 * If we don't disable interrupts there is a nasty deadlock between
69 * detach_pid()->free_pid() and another cpu that does
70 * spin_lock(&pidmap_lock) followed by an interrupt routine that does
71 * read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
72 *
73 * After we clean up the tasklist_lock and know there are no
74 * irq handlers that take it we can leave the interrupts enabled.
75 * For now it is easier to be safe than to prove it can't happen.
76 */
77 static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pidmap_lock);
79 static fastcall void free_pidmap(int pid)
80 {
81 pidmap_t *map = pidmap_array + pid / BITS_PER_PAGE;
82 int offset = pid & BITS_PER_PAGE_MASK;
84 clear_bit(offset, map->page);
85 atomic_inc(&map->nr_free);
86 }
88 static int alloc_pidmap(void)
89 {
90 int i, offset, max_scan, pid, last = last_pid;
91 pidmap_t *map;
93 pid = last + 1;
94 if (pid >= pid_max)
95 pid = RESERVED_PIDS;
96 offset = pid & BITS_PER_PAGE_MASK;
97 map = &pidmap_array[pid/BITS_PER_PAGE];
98 max_scan = (pid_max + BITS_PER_PAGE - 1)/BITS_PER_PAGE - !offset;
99 for (i = 0; i <= max_scan; ++i) {
100 if (unlikely(!map->page)) {
101 unsigned long page = get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
102 /*
103 * Free the page if someone raced with us
104 * installing it:
105 */
106 spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock);
107 if (map->page)
108 free_page(page);
109 else
110 map->page = (void *)page;
111 spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock);
112 if (unlikely(!map->page))
113 break;
114 }
115 if (likely(atomic_read(&map->nr_free))) {
116 do {
117 if (!test_and_set_bit(offset, map->page)) {
118 atomic_dec(&map->nr_free);
119 last_pid = pid;
120 return pid;
121 }
122 offset = find_next_offset(map, offset);
123 pid = mk_pid(map, offset);
124 /*
125 * find_next_offset() found a bit, the pid from it
126 * is in-bounds, and if we fell back to the last
127 * bitmap block and the final block was the same
128 * as the starting point, pid is before last_pid.
129 */
130 } while (offset < BITS_PER_PAGE && pid < pid_max &&
131 (i != max_scan || pid < last ||
132 !((last+1) & BITS_PER_PAGE_MASK)));
133 }
134 if (map < &pidmap_array[(pid_max-1)/BITS_PER_PAGE]) {
135 ++map;
136 offset = 0;
137 } else {
138 map = &pidmap_array[0];
139 offset = RESERVED_PIDS;
140 if (unlikely(last == offset))
141 break;
142 }
143 pid = mk_pid(map, offset);
144 }
145 return -1;
146 }
148 fastcall void put_pid(struct pid *pid)
149 {
150 if (!pid)
151 return;
152 if ((atomic_read(&pid->count) == 1) ||
153 atomic_dec_and_test(&pid->count))
154 kmem_cache_free(pid_cachep, pid);
155 }
157 static void delayed_put_pid(struct rcu_head *rhp)
158 {
159 struct pid *pid = container_of(rhp, struct pid, rcu);
160 put_pid(pid);
161 }
163 fastcall void free_pid(struct pid *pid)
164 {
165 /* We can be called with write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock) held */
166 unsigned long flags;
168 spin_lock_irqsave(&pidmap_lock, flags);
169 hlist_del_rcu(&pid->pid_chain);
170 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pidmap_lock, flags);
172 free_pidmap(pid->nr);
173 call_rcu(&pid->rcu, delayed_put_pid);
174 }
176 struct pid *alloc_pid(void)
177 {
178 struct pid *pid;
179 enum pid_type type;
180 int nr = -1;
182 pid = kmem_cache_alloc(pid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
183 if (!pid)
184 goto out;
186 nr = alloc_pidmap();
187 if (nr < 0)
188 goto out_free;
190 atomic_set(&pid->count, 1);
191 pid->nr = nr;
192 for (type = 0; type < PIDTYPE_MAX; ++type)
193 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid->tasks[type]);
195 spin_lock_irq(&pidmap_lock);
196 hlist_add_head_rcu(&pid->pid_chain, &pid_hash[pid_hashfn(pid->nr)]);
197 spin_unlock_irq(&pidmap_lock);
199 out:
200 return pid;
202 out_free:
203 kmem_cache_free(pid_cachep, pid);
204 pid = NULL;
205 goto out;
206 }
208 struct pid * fastcall find_pid(int nr)
209 {
210 struct hlist_node *elem;
211 struct pid *pid;
213 hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(pid, elem,
214 &pid_hash[pid_hashfn(nr)], pid_chain) {
215 if (pid->nr == nr)
216 return pid;
217 }
218 return NULL;
219 }
221 int fastcall attach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type, int nr)
222 {
223 struct pid_link *link;
224 struct pid *pid;
226 WARN_ON(!task->pid); /* to be removed soon */
227 WARN_ON(!nr); /* to be removed soon */
229 link = &task->pids[type];
230 link->pid = pid = find_pid(nr);
231 hlist_add_head_rcu(&link->node, &pid->tasks[type]);
233 return 0;
234 }
236 void fastcall detach_pid(struct task_struct *task, enum pid_type type)
237 {
238 struct pid_link *link;
239 struct pid *pid;
240 int tmp;
242 link = &task->pids[type];
243 pid = link->pid;
245 hlist_del_rcu(&link->node);
246 link->pid = NULL;
248 for (tmp = PIDTYPE_MAX; --tmp >= 0; )
249 if (!hlist_empty(&pid->tasks[tmp]))
250 return;
252 free_pid(pid);
253 }
255 struct task_struct * fastcall pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type)
256 {
257 struct task_struct *result = NULL;
258 if (pid) {
259 struct hlist_node *first;
260 first = rcu_dereference(pid->tasks[type].first);
261 if (first)
262 result = hlist_entry(first, struct task_struct, pids[(type)].node);
263 }
264 return result;
265 }
267 /*
268 * Must be called under rcu_read_lock() or with tasklist_lock read-held.
269 */
270 struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_type(int type, int nr)
271 {
272 return pid_task(find_pid(nr), type);
273 }
275 EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_task_by_pid_type);
277 struct task_struct *fastcall get_pid_task(struct pid *pid, enum pid_type type)
278 {
279 struct task_struct *result;
280 rcu_read_lock();
281 result = pid_task(pid, type);
282 if (result)
283 get_task_struct(result);
284 rcu_read_unlock();
285 return result;
286 }
288 struct pid *find_get_pid(pid_t nr)
289 {
290 struct pid *pid;
292 rcu_read_lock();
293 pid = get_pid(find_pid(nr));
294 rcu_read_unlock();
296 return pid;
297 }
299 /*
300 * The pid hash table is scaled according to the amount of memory in the
301 * machine. From a minimum of 16 slots up to 4096 slots at one gigabyte or
302 * more.
303 */
304 void __init pidhash_init(void)
305 {
306 int i, pidhash_size;
307 unsigned long megabytes = nr_kernel_pages >> (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
309 pidhash_shift = max(4, fls(megabytes * 4));
310 pidhash_shift = min(12, pidhash_shift);
311 pidhash_size = 1 << pidhash_shift;
313 printk("PID hash table entries: %d (order: %d, %Zd bytes)\n",
314 pidhash_size, pidhash_shift,
315 pidhash_size * sizeof(struct hlist_head));
317 pid_hash = alloc_bootmem(pidhash_size * sizeof(*(pid_hash)));
318 if (!pid_hash)
319 panic("Could not alloc pidhash!\n");
320 for (i = 0; i < pidhash_size; i++)
321 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&pid_hash[i]);
322 }
324 void __init pidmap_init(void)
325 {
326 pidmap_array->page = (void *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
327 /* Reserve PID 0. We never call free_pidmap(0) */
328 set_bit(0, pidmap_array->page);
329 atomic_dec(&pidmap_array->nr_free);
331 pid_cachep = kmem_cache_create("pid", sizeof(struct pid),
332 __alignof__(struct pid),
333 SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
334 }