ia64/linux-2.6.18-xen.hg

view Documentation/i2c/functionality @ 854:950b9eb27661

usbback: fix urb interval value for interrupt urbs.

Signed-off-by: Noboru Iwamatsu <n_iwamatsu@jp.fujitsu.com>
author Keir Fraser <keir.fraser@citrix.com>
date Mon Apr 06 13:51:20 2009 +0100 (2009-04-06)
parents 831230e53067
children
line source
1 INTRODUCTION
2 ------------
4 Because not every I2C or SMBus adapter implements everything in the
5 I2C specifications, a client can not trust that everything it needs
6 is implemented when it is given the option to attach to an adapter:
7 the client needs some way to check whether an adapter has the needed
8 functionality.
11 FUNCTIONALITY CONSTANTS
12 -----------------------
14 For the most up-to-date list of functionality constants, please check
15 <linux/i2c.h>!
17 I2C_FUNC_I2C Plain i2c-level commands (Pure SMBus
18 adapters typically can not do these)
19 I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR Handles the 10-bit address extensions
20 I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING Knows about the I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK,
21 I2C_M_REV_DIR_ADDR, I2C_M_NOSTART and
22 I2C_M_NO_RD_ACK flags (which modify the
23 I2C protocol!)
24 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_QUICK Handles the SMBus write_quick command
25 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BYTE Handles the SMBus read_byte command
26 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE Handles the SMBus write_byte command
27 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BYTE_DATA Handles the SMBus read_byte_data command
28 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE_DATA Handles the SMBus write_byte_data command
29 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_WORD_DATA Handles the SMBus read_word_data command
30 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_WORD_DATA Handles the SMBus write_byte_data command
31 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_PROC_CALL Handles the SMBus process_call command
32 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA Handles the SMBus read_block_data command
33 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BLOCK_DATA Handles the SMBus write_block_data command
34 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_I2C_BLOCK Handles the SMBus read_i2c_block_data command
35 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_I2C_BLOCK Handles the SMBus write_i2c_block_data command
37 A few combinations of the above flags are also defined for your convenience:
39 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE Handles the SMBus read_byte
40 and write_byte commands
41 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE_DATA Handles the SMBus read_byte_data
42 and write_byte_data commands
43 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WORD_DATA Handles the SMBus read_word_data
44 and write_word_data commands
45 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BLOCK_DATA Handles the SMBus read_block_data
46 and write_block_data commands
47 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_I2C_BLOCK Handles the SMBus read_i2c_block_data
48 and write_i2c_block_data commands
49 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL Handles all SMBus commands than can be
50 emulated by a real I2C adapter (using
51 the transparent emulation layer)
54 ALGORITHM/ADAPTER IMPLEMENTATION
55 --------------------------------
57 When you write a new algorithm driver, you will have to implement a
58 function callback `functionality', that gets an i2c_adapter structure
59 pointer as its only parameter:
61 struct i2c_algorithm {
62 /* Many other things of course; check <linux/i2c.h>! */
63 u32 (*functionality) (struct i2c_adapter *);
64 }
66 A typically implementation is given below, from i2c-algo-bit.c:
68 static u32 bit_func(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
69 {
70 return I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL | I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR |
71 I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
72 }
76 CLIENT CHECKING
77 ---------------
79 Before a client tries to attach to an adapter, or even do tests to check
80 whether one of the devices it supports is present on an adapter, it should
81 check whether the needed functionality is present. There are two functions
82 defined which should be used instead of calling the functionality hook
83 in the algorithm structure directly:
85 /* Return the functionality mask */
86 extern u32 i2c_get_functionality (struct i2c_adapter *adap);
88 /* Return 1 if adapter supports everything we need, 0 if not. */
89 extern int i2c_check_functionality (struct i2c_adapter *adap, u32 func);
91 This is a typical way to use these functions (from the writing-clients
92 document):
93 int foo_detect_client(struct i2c_adapter *adapter, int address,
94 unsigned short flags, int kind)
95 {
96 /* Define needed variables */
98 /* As the very first action, we check whether the adapter has the
99 needed functionality: we need the SMBus read_word_data,
100 write_word_data and write_byte functions in this example. */
101 if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter,I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WORD_DATA |
102 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE))
103 goto ERROR0;
105 /* Now we can do the real detection */
107 ERROR0:
108 /* Return an error */
109 }
113 CHECKING THROUGH /DEV
114 ---------------------
116 If you try to access an adapter from a userspace program, you will have
117 to use the /dev interface. You will still have to check whether the
118 functionality you need is supported, of course. This is done using
119 the I2C_FUNCS ioctl. An example, adapted from the lm_sensors i2cdetect
120 program, is below:
122 int file;
123 if (file = open("/dev/i2c-0",O_RDWR) < 0) {
124 /* Some kind of error handling */
125 exit(1);
126 }
127 if (ioctl(file,I2C_FUNCS,&funcs) < 0) {
128 /* Some kind of error handling */
129 exit(1);
130 }
131 if (! (funcs & I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_QUICK)) {
132 /* Oops, the needed functionality (SMBus write_quick function) is
133 not available! */
134 exit(1);
135 }
136 /* Now it is safe to use the SMBus write_quick command */