view Documentation/networking/netdevices.txt @ 0:831230e53067

Import 2.6.18 from kernel.org tarball.
author Ian Campbell <ian.campbell@xensource.com>
date Wed Apr 11 14:15:44 2007 +0100 (2007-04-11)
line source
2 Network Devices, the Kernel, and You!
5 Introduction
6 ============
7 The following is a random collection of documentation regarding
8 network devices.
10 struct net_device allocation rules
11 ==================================
12 Network device structures need to persist even after module is unloaded and
13 must be allocated with kmalloc. If device has registered successfully,
14 it will be freed on last use by free_netdev. This is required to handle the
15 pathologic case cleanly (example: rmmod mydriver </sys/class/net/myeth/mtu )
17 There are routines in net_init.c to handle the common cases of
18 alloc_etherdev, alloc_netdev. These reserve extra space for driver
19 private data which gets freed when the network device is freed. If
20 separately allocated data is attached to the network device
21 (dev->priv) then it is up to the module exit handler to free that.
24 struct net_device synchronization rules
25 =======================================
26 dev->open:
27 Synchronization: rtnl_lock() semaphore.
28 Context: process
30 dev->stop:
31 Synchronization: rtnl_lock() semaphore.
32 Context: process
33 Note1: netif_running() is guaranteed false
34 Note2: dev->poll() is guaranteed to be stopped
36 dev->do_ioctl:
37 Synchronization: rtnl_lock() semaphore.
38 Context: process
40 dev->get_stats:
41 Synchronization: dev_base_lock rwlock.
42 Context: nominally process, but don't sleep inside an rwlock
44 dev->hard_start_xmit:
45 Synchronization: netif_tx_lock spinlock.
46 When the driver sets NETIF_F_LLTX in dev->features this will be
47 called without holding netif_tx_lock. In this case the driver
48 has to lock by itself when needed. It is recommended to use a try lock
49 for this and return -1 when the spin lock fails.
50 The locking there should also properly protect against
51 set_multicast_list
52 Context: BHs disabled
53 Notes: netif_queue_stopped() is guaranteed false
54 Interrupts must be enabled when calling hard_start_xmit.
55 (Interrupts must also be enabled when enabling the BH handler.)
56 Return codes:
57 o NETDEV_TX_OK everything ok.
58 o NETDEV_TX_BUSY Cannot transmit packet, try later
59 Usually a bug, means queue start/stop flow control is broken in
60 the driver. Note: the driver must NOT put the skb in its DMA ring.
61 o NETDEV_TX_LOCKED Locking failed, please retry quickly.
62 Only valid when NETIF_F_LLTX is set.
64 dev->tx_timeout:
65 Synchronization: netif_tx_lock spinlock.
66 Context: BHs disabled
67 Notes: netif_queue_stopped() is guaranteed true
69 dev->set_multicast_list:
70 Synchronization: netif_tx_lock spinlock.
71 Context: BHs disabled
73 dev->poll:
74 Synchronization: __LINK_STATE_RX_SCHED bit in dev->state. See
75 dev_close code and comments in net/core/dev.c for more info.
76 Context: softirq