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Signed-off-by: Ian Campbell <ian.campbell@citrix.com>
author Keir Fraser <keir.fraser@citrix.com>
date Tue Apr 15 15:18:58 2008 +0100 (2008-04-15)
parents 831230e53067
children
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1 This README belongs to release 4.2 or newer of the SoundBlaster Pro
2 (Matsushita, Kotobuki, Panasonic, CreativeLabs, Longshine and Teac)
3 CD-ROM driver for Linux.
5 sbpcd really, really is NOT for ANY IDE/ATAPI drive!
6 Not even if you have an "original" SoundBlaster card with an IDE interface!
7 So, you'd better have a look into README.ide if your port address is 0x1F0,
8 0x170, 0x1E8, 0x168 or similar.
9 I get tons of mails from IDE/ATAPI drive users - I really can't continue
10 any more to answer them all. So, if your drive/interface information sheets
11 mention "IDE" (primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary) and the DOS driver
12 invoking line within your CONFIG.SYS is using an address below 0x230:
13 DON'T ROB MY LAST NERVE - jumper your interface to address 0x170 and IRQ 15
14 (that is the "secondary IDE" configuration), set your drive to "master" and
15 use ide-cd as your driver. If you do not have a second IDE hard disk, use the
16 LILO commands
17 hdb=noprobe hdc=cdrom
18 and get lucky.
19 To make it fully clear to you: if you mail me about IDE/ATAPI drive problems,
20 my answer is above, and I simply will discard your mail, hoping to stop the
21 flood and to find time to lead my 12-year old son towards happy computing.
23 The driver is able to drive the whole family of "traditional" AT-style (that
24 is NOT the new "Enhanced IDE" or "ATAPI" drive standard) Matsushita,
25 Kotobuki, Panasonic drives, sometimes labelled as "CreativeLabs". The
26 well-known drives are CR-521, CR-522, CR-523, CR-562, CR-563.
27 CR-574 is an IDE/ATAPI drive.
29 The Longshine LCS-7260 is a double-speed drive which uses the "old"
30 Matsushita command set. It is supported - with help by Serge Robyns.
31 Vertos ("Elitegroup Computer Systems", ECS) has a similar drive - support
32 has started; get in contact if you have such a "Vertos 100" or "ECS-AT"
33 drive.
35 There exists an "IBM External ISA CD-ROM Drive" which in fact is a CR-563
36 with a special controller board. This drive is supported (the interface is
37 of the "LaserMate" type), and it is possibly the best buy today (cheaper than
38 an internal drive, and you can use it as an internal, too - e.g. plug it into
39 a soundcard).
41 CreativeLabs has a new drive "CD200" and a similar drive "CD200F". The latter
42 is made by Funai and sometimes named "E2550UA", newer models may be named
43 "MK4015". The CD200F drives should fully work.
44 CD200 drives without "F" are still giving problems: drive detection and
45 playing audio should work, data access will result in errors. I need qualified
46 feedback about the bugs within the data functions or a drive (I never saw a
47 CD200).
49 The quad-speed Teac CD-55A drive is supported, but still does not reach "full
50 speed". The data rate already reaches 500 kB/sec if you set SBP_BUFFER_FRAMES
51 to 64 (it is not recommended to do that for normal "file access" usage, but it
52 can speed up things a lot if you use something like "dd" to read from the
53 drive; I use it for verifying self-written CDs this way).
54 The drive itself is able to deliver 600 kB/sec, so this needs
55 work; with the normal setup, the performance currently is not even as good as
56 double-speed.
58 This driver is NOT for Mitsumi or Sony or Aztech or Philips or XXX drives,
59 and again: this driver is in no way usable for any IDE/ATAPI drive. If you
60 think your drive should work and it doesn't: send me the DOS driver for your
61 beast (gzipped + uuencoded) and your CONFIG.SYS if you want to ask me for help,
62 and include an original log message excerpt, and try to give all information
63 a complete idiot needs to understand your hassle already with your first
64 mail. And if you want to say "as I have mailed you before", be sure that I
65 don't remember your "case" by such remarks; at the moment, I have some
66 hundreds of open correspondences about Linux CDROM questions (hope to reduce if
67 the IDE/ATAPI user questions disappear).
70 This driver will work with the soundcard interfaces (SB Pro, SB 16, Galaxy,
71 SoundFX, Mozart, MAD16 ...) and with the "no-sound" cards (Panasonic CI-101P,
72 LaserMate, WDH-7001C, Longshine LCS-6853, Teac ...).
74 It works with the "configurable" interface "Sequoia S-1000", too, which is
75 used on the Spea Media FX and Ensonic Soundscape sound cards. You have to
76 specify the type "SBPRO 2" and the true CDROM port address with it, not the
77 "configuration port" address.
79 If you have a sound card which needs a "configuration driver" instead of
80 jumpers for interface types and addresses (like Mozart cards) - those
81 drivers get invoked before the DOS CDROM driver in your CONFIG.SYS, typical
82 names are "cdsetup.sys" and "mztinit.sys" - let the sound driver do the
83 CDROM port configuration (the leading comments in linux/drivers/sound/mad16.c
84 are just for you!). Hannu Savolainen's mad16.c code is able to set up my
85 Mozart card - I simply had to add
86 #define MAD16_CONF 0x06
87 #define MAD16_CDSEL 0x03
88 to configure the CDROM interface for type "Panasonic" (LaserMate) and address
89 0x340.
91 The interface type has to get configured in linux/drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.h,
92 because the register layout is different between the "SoundBlaster" and the
93 "LaserMate" type.
95 I got a report that the Teac interface card "I/F E117098" is of type
96 "SoundBlaster" (i.e. you have to set SBPRO to 1) even with the addresses
97 0x300 and above. This is unusual, and it can't get covered by the auto
98 probing scheme.
99 The Teac 16-bit interface cards (like P/N E950228-00A, default address 0x2C0)
100 need the SBPRO 3 setup.
102 If auto-probing found the drive, the address is correct. The reported type
103 may be wrong. A "mount" will give success only if the interface type is set
104 right. Playing audio should work with a wrong set interface type, too.
106 With some Teac and some CD200 drives I have seen interface cards which seem
107 to lack the "drive select" lines; always drive 0 gets addressed. To avoid
108 "mirror drives" (four drives detected where you only have one) with such
109 interface cards, set MAX_DRIVES to 1 and jumper your drive to ID 0 (if
110 possible).
113 Up to 4 drives per interface card, and up to 4 interface cards are supported.
114 All supported drive families can be mixed, but the CR-521 drives are
115 hard-wired to drive ID 0. The drives have to use different drive IDs, and each
116 drive has to get a unique minor number (0...3), corresponding indirectly to
117 its drive ID.
118 The drive IDs may be selected freely from 0 to 3 - they do not have to be in
119 consecutive order.
121 As Don Carroll, don@ds9.us.dell.com or FIDO 1:382/14, told me, it is possible
122 to change old drives to any ID, too. He writes in this sense:
123 "In order to be able to use more than one single speed drive
124 (they do not have the ID jumpers) you must add a DIP switch
125 and two resistors. The pads are already on the board next to
126 the power connector. You will see the silkscreen for the
127 switch if you remove the top cover.
128 1 2 3 4
129 ID 0 = x F F x O = "on"
130 ID 1 = x O F x F = "off"
131 ID 2 = x F O x x = "don't care"
132 ID 3 = x O O x
133 Next to the switch are the positions for R76 (7k) and R78
134 (12k). I had to play around with the resistor values - ID 3
135 did not work with other values. If the values are not good,
136 ID 3 behaves like ID 0."
138 To use more than 4 drives, you simply need a second controller card at a
139 different address and a second cable.
141 The driver supports reading of data from the CD and playing of audio tracks.
142 The audio part should run with WorkMan, xcdplayer, with the "non-X11" products
143 CDplayer and WorkBone - tell me if it is not compatible with other software.
144 The only accepted measure for correctness with the audio functions is the
145 "cdtester" utility (appended) - most audio player programmers seem to be
146 better musicians than programmers. ;-)
148 With the CR-56x and the CD200 drives, the reading of audio frames is possible.
149 This is implemented by an IOCTL function which reads READ_AUDIO frames of
150 2352 bytes at once (configurable with the "READ_AUDIO" define, default is 0).
151 Reading the same frame a second time gives different data; the frame data
152 start at a different position, but all read bytes are valid, and we always
153 read 98 consecutive chunks (of 24 Bytes) as a frame. Reading more than 1 frame
154 at once possibly misses some chunks at each frame boundary. This lack has to
155 get corrected by external, "higher level" software which reads the same frame
156 again and tries to find and eliminate overlapping chunks (24-byte-pieces).
158 The transfer rate with reading audio (1-frame-pieces) currently is very slow.
159 This can be better reading bigger chunks, but the "missing" chunks possibly
160 occur at the beginning of each single frame.
161 The software interface possibly may change a bit the day the SCSI driver
162 supports it too.
164 With all but the CR-52x drives, MultiSession is supported.
165 Photo CDs work (the "old" drives like CR-521 can access only the first
166 session of a photoCD).
167 At ftp.gwdg.de:/pub/linux/hpcdtoppm/ you will find Hadmut Danisch's package to
168 convert photo CD image files and Gerd Knorr's viewing utility.
170 The transfer rate will reach 150 kB/sec with CR-52x drives, 300 kB/sec with
171 CR-56x drives, and currently not more than 500 kB/sec (usually less than
172 250 kB/sec) with the Teac quad speed drives.
173 XA (PhotoCD) disks with "old" drives give only 50 kB/sec.
175 This release consists of
176 - this README file
177 - the driver file linux/drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.c
178 - the stub files linux/drivers/cdrom/sbpcd[234].c
179 - the header file linux/drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.h.
182 To install:
183 -----------
185 1. Setup your hardware parameters. Though the driver does "auto-probing" at a
186 lot of (not all possible!) addresses, this step is recommended for
187 everyday use. You should let sbpcd auto-probe once and use the reported
188 address if a drive got found. The reported type may be incorrect; it is
189 correct if you can mount a data CD. There is no choice for you with the
190 type; only one is right, the others are deadly wrong.
192 a. Go into /usr/src/linux/drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.h and configure it for your
193 hardware (near the beginning):
194 a1. Set it up for the appropriate type of interface board.
195 "Original" CreativeLabs sound cards need "SBPRO 1".
196 Most "compatible" sound cards (almost all "non-CreativeLabs" cards)
197 need "SBPRO 0".
198 The "no-sound" board from OmniCd needs the "SBPRO 1" setup.
199 The Teac 8-bit "no-sound" boards need the "SBPRO 1" setup.
200 The Teac 16-bit "no-sound" boards need the "SBPRO 3" setup.
201 All other "no-sound" boards need the "SBPRO 0" setup.
202 The Spea Media FX and Ensoniq SoundScape cards need "SBPRO 2".
203 sbpcd.c holds some examples in its auto-probe list.
204 If you configure "SBPRO" wrong, the playing of audio CDs will work,
205 but you will not be able to mount a data CD.
206 a2. Tell the address of your CDROM_PORT (not of the sound port).
207 a3. If 4 drives get found, but you have only one, set MAX_DRIVES to 1.
208 a4. Set DISTRIBUTION to 0.
209 b. Additionally for 2.a1 and 2.a2, the setup may be done during
210 boot time (via the "kernel command line" or "LILO option"):
211 sbpcd=0x320,LaserMate
212 or
213 sbpcd=0x230,SoundBlaster
214 or
215 sbpcd=0x338,SoundScape
216 or
217 sbpcd=0x2C0,Teac16bit
218 This is especially useful if you install a fresh distribution.
219 If the second parameter is a number, it gets taken as the type
220 setting; 0 is "LaserMate", 1 is "SoundBlaster", 2 is "SoundScape",
221 3 is "Teac16bit".
222 So, for example
223 sbpcd=0x230,1
224 is equivalent to
225 sbpcd=0x230,SoundBlaster
227 2. "cd /usr/src/linux" and do a "make config" and select "y" for Matsushita
228 CD-ROM support and for ISO9660 FileSystem support. If you do not have a
229 second, third, or fourth controller installed, do not say "y" to the
230 secondary Matsushita CD-ROM questions.
232 3. Then make the kernel image ("make zlilo" or similar).
234 4. Make the device file(s). This step usually already has been done by the
235 MAKEDEV script.
236 The driver uses MAJOR 25, so, if necessary, do
237 mknod /dev/sbpcd b 25 0 (if you have only one drive)
238 and/or
239 mknod /dev/sbpcd0 b 25 0
240 mknod /dev/sbpcd1 b 25 1
241 mknod /dev/sbpcd2 b 25 2
242 mknod /dev/sbpcd3 b 25 3
243 to make the node(s).
245 The "first found" drive gets MINOR 0 (regardless of its jumpered ID), the
246 "next found" (at the same cable) gets MINOR 1, ...
248 For a second interface board, you have to make nodes like
249 mknod /dev/sbpcd4 b 26 0
250 mknod /dev/sbpcd5 b 26 1
251 and so on. Use the MAJORs 26, 27, 28.
253 If you further make a link like
254 ln -s sbpcd /dev/cdrom
255 you can use the name /dev/cdrom, too.
257 5. Reboot with the new kernel.
259 You should now be able to do
260 mkdir /CD
261 and
262 mount -rt iso9660 /dev/sbpcd /CD
263 or
264 mount -rt iso9660 -o block=2048 /dev/sbpcd /CD
265 and see the contents of your CD in the /CD directory.
266 To use audio CDs, a mounting is not recommended (and it would fail if the
267 first track is not a data track).
270 Using sbpcd as a "loadable module":
271 -----------------------------------
273 If you do NOT select "Matsushita/Panasonic CDROM driver support" during the
274 "make config" of your kernel, you can build the "loadable module" sbpcd.o.
276 If sbpcd gets used as a module, the support of more than one interface
277 card (i.e. drives 4...15) is disabled.
279 You can specify interface address and type with the "insmod" command like:
280 # insmod /usr/src/linux/modules/sbpcd.o sbpcd=0x340,0
281 or
282 # insmod /usr/src/linux/modules/sbpcd.o sbpcd=0x230,1
283 or
284 # insmod /usr/src/linux/modules/sbpcd.o sbpcd=0x338,2
285 where the last number represents the SBPRO setting (no strings allowed here).
288 Things of interest:
289 -------------------
291 The driver is configured to try the LaserMate type of interface at I/O port
292 0x0340 first. If this is not appropriate, sbpcd.h should get changed
293 (you will find the right place - just at the beginning).
295 No DMA and no IRQ is used.
297 To reduce or increase the amount of kernel messages, edit sbpcd.c and play
298 with the "DBG_xxx" switches (initialization of the variable "sbpcd_debug").
299 Don't forget to reflect on what you do; enabling all DBG_xxx switches at once
300 may crash your system, and each message line is accompanied by a delay.
302 The driver uses the "variable BLOCK_SIZE" feature. To use it, you have to
303 specify "block=2048" as a mount option. Doing this will disable the direct
304 execution of a binary from the CD; you have to copy it to a device with the
305 standard BLOCK_SIZE (1024) first. So, do not use this if your system is
306 directly "running from the CDROM" (like some of Yggdrasil's installation
307 variants). There are CDs on the market (like the German "unifix" Linux
308 distribution) which MUST get handled with a block_size of 1024. Generally,
309 one can say all the CDs which hold files of the name YMTRANS.TBL are defective;
310 do not use block=2048 with those.
312 Within sbpcd.h, you will find some "#define"s (e.g. EJECT and JUKEBOX). With
313 these, you can configure the driver for some special things.
314 You can use the appended program "cdtester" to set the auto-eject feature
315 during runtime. Jeff Tranter's "eject" utility can do this, too (and more)
316 for you.
318 There is an ioctl CDROMMULTISESSION to obtain with a user program if
319 the CD is an XA disk and - if it is - where the last session starts. The
320 "cdtester" program illustrates how to call it.
323 Auto-probing at boot time:
324 --------------------------
326 The driver does auto-probing at many well-known interface card addresses,
327 but not all:
328 Some probings can cause a hang if an NE2000 ethernet card gets touched, because
329 SBPCD's auto-probing happens before the initialization of the net drivers.
330 Those "hazardous" addresses are excluded from auto-probing; the "kernel
331 command line" feature has to be used during installation if you have your
332 drive at those addresses. The "module" version is allowed to probe at those
333 addresses, too.
335 The auto-probing looks first at the configured address resp. the address
336 submitted by the kernel command line. With this, it is possible to use this
337 driver within installation boot floppies, and for any non-standard address,
338 too.
340 Auto-probing will make an assumption about the interface type ("SBPRO" or not),
341 based upon the address. That assumption may be wrong (initialization will be
342 o.k., but you will get I/O errors during mount). In that case, use the "kernel
343 command line" feature and specify address & type at boot time to find out the
344 right setup.
346 For everyday use, address and type should get configured within sbpcd.h. That
347 will stop the auto-probing due to success with the first try.
349 The kernel command "sbpcd=0" suppresses each auto-probing and causes
350 the driver not to find any drive; it is meant for people who love sbpcd
351 so much that they do not want to miss it, even if they miss the drives. ;-)
353 If you configure "#define CDROM_PORT 0" in sbpcd.h, the auto-probing is
354 initially disabled and needs an explicit kernel command to get activated.
355 Once activated, it does not stop before success or end-of-list. This may be
356 useful within "universal" CDROM installation boot floppies (but using the
357 loadable module would be better because it allows an "extended" auto-probing
358 without fearing NE2000 cards).
360 To shorten the auto-probing list to a single entry, set DISTRIBUTION 0 within
361 sbpcd.h.
364 Setting up address and interface type:
365 --------------------------------------
367 If your I/O port address is not 0x340, you have to look for the #defines near
368 the beginning of sbpcd.h and configure them: set SBPRO to 0 or 1 or 2, and
369 change CDROM_PORT to the address of your CDROM I/O port.
371 Almost all of the "SoundBlaster compatible" cards behave like the no-sound
372 interfaces, i.e. need SBPRO 0!
374 With "original" SB Pro cards, an initial setting of CD_volume through the
375 sound card's MIXER register gets done.
376 If you are using a "compatible" sound card of types "LaserMate" or "SPEA",
377 you can set SOUND_BASE (in sbpcd.h) to get it done with your card, too...
380 Using audio CDs:
381 ----------------
383 Workman, WorkBone, xcdplayer, cdplayer and the nice little tool "cdplay" (see
384 README.aztcd from the Aztech driver package) should work.
386 The program CDplayer likes to talk to "/dev/mcd" only, xcdplayer wants
387 "/dev/rsr0", workman loves "/dev/sr0" or "/dev/cdrom" - so, make the
388 appropriate links to use them without the need to supply parameters.
391 Copying audio tracks:
392 ---------------------
394 The following program will copy track 1 (or a piece of it) from an audio CD
395 into the file "track01":
397 /*=================== begin program ========================================*/
398 /*
399 * read an audio track from a CD
400 *
401 * (c) 1994 Eberhard Moenkeberg <emoenke@gwdg.de>
402 * may be used & enhanced freely
403 *
404 * Due to non-existent sync bytes at the beginning of each audio frame (or due
405 * to a firmware bug within all known drives?), it is currently a kind of
406 * fortune if two consecutive frames fit together.
407 * Usually, they overlap, or a little piece is missing. This happens in units
408 * of 24-byte chunks. It has to get fixed by higher-level software (reading
409 * until an overlap occurs, and then eliminate the overlapping chunks).
410 * ftp.gwdg.de:/pub/linux/misc/cdda2wav-sbpcd.*.tar.gz holds an example of
411 * such an algorithm.
412 * This example program further is missing to obtain the SubChannel data
413 * which belong to each frame.
414 *
415 * This is only an example of the low-level access routine. The read data are
416 * pure 16-bit CDDA values; they have to get converted to make sound out of
417 * them.
418 * It is no fun to listen to it without prior overlap/underlap correction!
419 */
420 #include <stdio.h>
421 #include <sys/ioctl.h>
422 #include <sys/types.h>
423 #include <linux/cdrom.h>
425 static struct cdrom_tochdr hdr;
426 static struct cdrom_tocentry entry[101];
427 static struct cdrom_read_audio arg;
428 static u_char buffer[CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW];
429 static int datafile, drive;
430 static int i, j, limit, track, err;
431 static char filename[32];
433 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
434 {
435 /*
436 * open /dev/cdrom
437 */
438 drive=open("/dev/cdrom", 0);
439 if (drive<0)
440 {
441 fprintf(stderr, "can't open drive.\n");
442 exit (-1);
443 }
444 /*
445 * get TocHeader
446 */
447 fprintf(stdout, "getting TocHeader...\n");
448 err=ioctl(drive, CDROMREADTOCHDR, &hdr);
449 if (err!=0)
450 {
451 fprintf(stderr, "can't get TocHeader (error %d).\n", err);
452 exit (-1);
453 }
454 else
455 fprintf(stdout, "TocHeader: %d %d\n", hdr.cdth_trk0, hdr.cdth_trk1);
456 /*
457 * get and display all TocEntries
458 */
459 fprintf(stdout, "getting TocEntries...\n");
460 for (i=1;i<=hdr.cdth_trk1+1;i++)
461 {
462 if (i!=hdr.cdth_trk1+1) entry[i].cdte_track = i;
463 else entry[i].cdte_track = CDROM_LEADOUT;
464 entry[i].cdte_format = CDROM_LBA;
465 err=ioctl(drive, CDROMREADTOCENTRY, &entry[i]);
466 if (err!=0)
467 {
468 fprintf(stderr, "can't get TocEntry #%d (error %d).\n", i, err);
469 exit (-1);
470 }
471 else
472 {
473 fprintf(stdout, "TocEntry #%d: %1X %1X %06X %02X\n",
474 entry[i].cdte_track,
475 entry[i].cdte_adr,
476 entry[i].cdte_ctrl,
477 entry[i].cdte_addr.lba,
478 entry[i].cdte_datamode);
479 }
480 }
481 fprintf(stdout, "got all TocEntries.\n");
482 /*
483 * ask for track number (not implemented here)
484 */
485 track=1;
486 #if 0 /* just read a little piece (4 seconds) */
487 entry[track+1].cdte_addr.lba=entry[track].cdte_addr.lba+300;
488 #endif
489 /*
490 * read track into file
491 */
492 sprintf(filename, "track%02d\0", track);
493 datafile=creat(filename, 0755);
494 if (datafile<0)
495 {
496 fprintf(stderr, "can't open datafile %s.\n", filename);
497 exit (-1);
498 }
499 arg.addr.lba=entry[track].cdte_addr.lba;
500 arg.addr_format=CDROM_LBA; /* CDROM_MSF would be possible here, too. */
501 arg.nframes=1;
502 arg.buf=&buffer[0];
503 limit=entry[track+1].cdte_addr.lba;
504 for (;arg.addr.lba<limit;arg.addr.lba++)
505 {
506 err=ioctl(drive, CDROMREADAUDIO, &arg);
507 if (err!=0)
508 {
509 fprintf(stderr, "can't read abs. frame #%d (error %d).\n",
510 arg.addr.lba, err);
511 }
512 j=write(datafile, &buffer[0], CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW);
513 if (j!=CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW)
514 {
515 fprintf(stderr,"I/O error (datafile) at rel. frame %d\n",
516 arg.addr.lba-entry[track].cdte_addr.lba);
517 }
518 arg.addr.lba++;
519 }
520 return 0;
521 }
522 /*===================== end program ========================================*/
524 At ftp.gwdg.de:/pub/linux/misc/cdda2wav-sbpcd.*.tar.gz is an adapted version of
525 Heiko Eissfeldt's digital-audio to .WAV converter (the original is there, too).
526 This is preliminary, as Heiko himself will care about it.
529 Known problems:
530 ---------------
532 Currently, the detection of disk change or removal is actively disabled.
534 Most attempts to read the UPC/EAN code result in a stream of zeroes. All my
535 drives are mostly telling there is no UPC/EAN code on disk or there is, but it
536 is an all-zero number. I guess now almost no CD holds such a number.
538 Bug reports, comments, wishes, donations (technical information is a donation,
539 too :-) etc. to emoenke@gwdg.de.
541 SnailMail address, preferable for CD editors if they want to submit a free
542 "cooperation" copy:
543 Eberhard Moenkeberg
544 Reinholdstr. 14
545 D-37083 Goettingen
546 Germany
547 ---
550 Appendix -- the "cdtester" utility:
552 /*
553 * cdtester.c -- test the audio functions of a CD driver
554 *
555 * (c) 1995 Eberhard Moenkeberg <emoenke@gwdg.de>
556 * published under the GPL
557 *
558 * made under heavy use of the "Tiny Audio CD Player"
559 * from Werner Zimmermann <zimmerma@rz.fht-esslingen.de>
560 * (see linux/drivers/block/README.aztcd)
561 */
562 #undef AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS /* not supported by every CDROM driver */
563 #define SBP_PRIVATE_IOCTLS /* not supported by every CDROM driver */
565 #include <stdio.h>
566 #include <stdio.h>
567 #include <malloc.h>
568 #include <sys/ioctl.h>
569 #include <sys/types.h>
570 #include <linux/cdrom.h>
572 #ifdef AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS
573 #include <linux/../../drivers/cdrom/aztcd.h>
574 #endif /* AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS */
575 #ifdef SBP_PRIVATE_IOCTLS
576 #include <linux/../../drivers/cdrom/sbpcd.h>
577 #include <linux/fs.h>
578 #endif /* SBP_PRIVATE_IOCTLS */
580 struct cdrom_tochdr hdr;
581 struct cdrom_tochdr tocHdr;
582 struct cdrom_tocentry TocEntry[101];
583 struct cdrom_tocentry entry;
584 struct cdrom_multisession ms_info;
585 struct cdrom_read_audio read_audio;
586 struct cdrom_ti ti;
587 struct cdrom_subchnl subchnl;
588 struct cdrom_msf msf;
589 struct cdrom_volctrl volctrl;
590 #ifdef AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS
591 union
592 {
593 struct cdrom_msf msf;
594 unsigned char buf[CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW];
595 } azt;
596 #endif /* AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS */
597 int i, i1, i2, i3, j, k;
598 unsigned char sequence=0;
599 unsigned char command[80];
600 unsigned char first=1, last=1;
601 char *default_device="/dev/cdrom";
602 char dev[20];
603 char filename[20];
604 int drive;
605 int datafile;
606 int rc;
608 void help(void)
609 {
610 printf("Available Commands:\n");
611 printf("STOP s EJECT e QUIT q\n");
612 printf("PLAY TRACK t PAUSE p RESUME r\n");
613 printf("NEXT TRACK n REPEAT LAST l HELP h\n");
614 printf("SUBCHANNEL_Q c TRACK INFO i PLAY AT a\n");
615 printf("READ d READ RAW w READ AUDIO A\n");
616 printf("MS-INFO M TOC T START S\n");
617 printf("SET EJECTSW X DEVICE D DEBUG Y\n");
618 printf("AUDIO_BUFSIZ Z RESET R SET VOLUME v\n");
619 printf("GET VOLUME V\n");
620 }
622 /*
623 * convert MSF number (3 bytes only) to Logical_Block_Address
624 */
625 int msf2lba(u_char *msf)
626 {
627 int i;
629 i=(msf[0] * CD_SECS + msf[1]) * CD_FRAMES + msf[2] - CD_BLOCK_OFFSET;
630 if (i<0) return (0);
631 return (i);
632 }
633 /*
634 * convert logical_block_address to m-s-f_number (3 bytes only)
635 */
636 void lba2msf(int lba, unsigned char *msf)
637 {
638 lba += CD_BLOCK_OFFSET;
639 msf[0] = lba / (CD_SECS*CD_FRAMES);
640 lba %= CD_SECS*CD_FRAMES;
641 msf[1] = lba / CD_FRAMES;
642 msf[2] = lba % CD_FRAMES;
643 }
645 int init_drive(char *dev)
646 {
647 unsigned char msf_ent[3];
649 /*
650 * open the device
651 */
652 drive=open(dev,0);
653 if (drive<0) return (-1);
654 /*
655 * get TocHeader
656 */
657 printf("getting TocHeader...\n");
658 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADTOCHDR,&hdr);
659 if (rc!=0)
660 {
661 printf("can't get TocHeader (error %d).\n",rc);
662 return (-2);
663 }
664 else
665 first=hdr.cdth_trk0;
666 last=hdr.cdth_trk1;
667 printf("TocHeader: %d %d\n",hdr.cdth_trk0,hdr.cdth_trk1);
668 /*
669 * get and display all TocEntries
670 */
671 printf("getting TocEntries...\n");
672 for (i=1;i<=hdr.cdth_trk1+1;i++)
673 {
674 if (i!=hdr.cdth_trk1+1) TocEntry[i].cdte_track = i;
675 else TocEntry[i].cdte_track = CDROM_LEADOUT;
676 TocEntry[i].cdte_format = CDROM_LBA;
677 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADTOCENTRY,&TocEntry[i]);
678 if (rc!=0)
679 {
680 printf("can't get TocEntry #%d (error %d).\n",i,rc);
681 }
682 else
683 {
684 lba2msf(TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.lba,&msf_ent[0]);
685 if (TocEntry[i].cdte_track==CDROM_LEADOUT)
686 {
687 printf("TocEntry #%02X: %1X %1X %02d:%02d:%02d (lba: 0x%06X) %02X\n",
688 TocEntry[i].cdte_track,
689 TocEntry[i].cdte_adr,
690 TocEntry[i].cdte_ctrl,
691 msf_ent[0],
692 msf_ent[1],
693 msf_ent[2],
694 TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.lba,
695 TocEntry[i].cdte_datamode);
696 }
697 else
698 {
699 printf("TocEntry #%02d: %1X %1X %02d:%02d:%02d (lba: 0x%06X) %02X\n",
700 TocEntry[i].cdte_track,
701 TocEntry[i].cdte_adr,
702 TocEntry[i].cdte_ctrl,
703 msf_ent[0],
704 msf_ent[1],
705 msf_ent[2],
706 TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.lba,
707 TocEntry[i].cdte_datamode);
708 }
709 }
710 }
711 return (hdr.cdth_trk1); /* number of tracks */
712 }
714 void display(int size,unsigned char *buffer)
715 {
716 k=0;
717 getchar();
718 for (i=0;i<(size+1)/16;i++)
719 {
720 printf("%4d:",i*16);
721 for (j=0;j<16;j++)
722 {
723 printf(" %02X",buffer[i*16+j]);
724 }
725 printf(" ");
726 for (j=0;j<16;j++)
727 {
728 if (isalnum(buffer[i*16+j]))
729 printf("%c",buffer[i*16+j]);
730 else
731 printf(".");
732 }
733 printf("\n");
734 k++;
735 if (k>=20)
736 {
737 printf("press ENTER to continue\n");
738 getchar();
739 k=0;
740 }
741 }
742 }
744 int main(int argc, char *argv[])
745 {
746 printf("\nTesting tool for a CDROM driver's audio functions V0.1\n");
747 printf("(C) 1995 Eberhard Moenkeberg <emoenke@gwdg.de>\n");
748 printf("initializing...\n");
750 rc=init_drive(default_device);
751 if (rc<0) printf("could not open %s (rc=%d).\n",default_device,rc);
752 help();
753 while (1)
754 {
755 printf("Give a one-letter command (h = help): ");
756 scanf("%s",command);
757 command[1]=0;
758 switch (command[0])
759 {
760 case 'D':
761 printf("device name (f.e. /dev/sbpcd3): ? ");
762 scanf("%s",&dev);
763 close(drive);
764 rc=init_drive(dev);
765 if (rc<0) printf("could not open %s (rc %d).\n",dev,rc);
766 break;
767 case 'e':
768 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMEJECT);
769 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMEJECT: rc=%d.\n",rc);
770 break;
771 case 'p':
772 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMPAUSE);
773 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMPAUSE: rc=%d.\n",rc);
774 break;
775 case 'r':
776 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMRESUME);
777 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMRESUME: rc=%d.\n",rc);
778 break;
779 case 's':
780 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTOP);
781 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMSTOP: rc=%d.\n",rc);
782 break;
783 case 'S':
784 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTART);
785 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMSTART: rc=%d.\n",rc);
786 break;
787 case 't':
788 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADTOCHDR,&tocHdr);
789 if (rc<0)
790 {
791 printf("CDROMREADTOCHDR: rc=%d.\n",rc);
792 break;
793 }
794 first=tocHdr.cdth_trk0;
795 last= tocHdr.cdth_trk1;
796 if ((first==0)||(first>last))
797 {
798 printf ("--got invalid TOC data.\n");
799 }
800 else
801 {
802 printf("--enter track number(first=%d, last=%d): ",first,last);
803 scanf("%d",&i1);
804 ti.cdti_trk0=i1;
805 if (ti.cdti_trk0<first) ti.cdti_trk0=first;
806 if (ti.cdti_trk0>last) ti.cdti_trk0=last;
807 ti.cdti_ind0=0;
808 ti.cdti_trk1=last;
809 ti.cdti_ind1=0;
810 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTOP);
811 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMPLAYTRKIND,&ti);
812 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMPLAYTRKIND: rc=%d.\n",rc);
813 }
814 break;
815 case 'n':
816 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTOP);
817 if (++ti.cdti_trk0>last) ti.cdti_trk0=last;
818 ti.cdti_ind0=0;
819 ti.cdti_trk1=last;
820 ti.cdti_ind1=0;
821 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMPLAYTRKIND,&ti);
822 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMPLAYTRKIND: rc=%d.\n",rc);
823 break;
824 case 'l':
825 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTOP);
826 if (--ti.cdti_trk0<first) ti.cdti_trk0=first;
827 ti.cdti_ind0=0;
828 ti.cdti_trk1=last;
829 ti.cdti_ind1=0;
830 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMPLAYTRKIND,&ti);
831 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMPLAYTRKIND: rc=%d.\n",rc);
832 break;
833 case 'c':
834 subchnl.cdsc_format=CDROM_MSF;
835 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSUBCHNL,&subchnl);
836 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMSUBCHNL: rc=%d.\n",rc);
837 else
838 {
839 printf("AudioStatus:%s Track:%d Mode:%d MSF=%02d:%02d:%02d\n",
840 subchnl.cdsc_audiostatus==CDROM_AUDIO_PLAY ? "PLAYING":"NOT PLAYING",
841 subchnl.cdsc_trk,subchnl.cdsc_adr,
842 subchnl.cdsc_absaddr.msf.minute,
843 subchnl.cdsc_absaddr.msf.second,
844 subchnl.cdsc_absaddr.msf.frame);
845 }
846 break;
847 case 'i':
848 printf("Track No.: ");
849 scanf("%d",&i1);
850 entry.cdte_track=i1;
851 if (entry.cdte_track<first) entry.cdte_track=first;
852 if (entry.cdte_track>last) entry.cdte_track=last;
853 entry.cdte_format=CDROM_MSF;
854 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADTOCENTRY,&entry);
855 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMREADTOCENTRY: rc=%d.\n",rc);
856 else
857 {
858 printf("Mode %d Track, starts at %02d:%02d:%02d\n",
859 entry.cdte_adr,
860 entry.cdte_addr.msf.minute,
861 entry.cdte_addr.msf.second,
862 entry.cdte_addr.msf.frame);
863 }
864 break;
865 case 'a':
866 printf("Address (min:sec:frm) ");
867 scanf("%d:%d:%d",&i1,&i2,&i3);
868 msf.cdmsf_min0=i1;
869 msf.cdmsf_sec0=i2;
870 msf.cdmsf_frame0=i3;
871 if (msf.cdmsf_sec0>59) msf.cdmsf_sec0=59;
872 if (msf.cdmsf_frame0>74) msf.cdmsf_frame0=74;
873 lba2msf(TocEntry[last+1].cdte_addr.lba-1,&msf.cdmsf_min1);
874 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMSTOP);
875 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMPLAYMSF,&msf);
876 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMPLAYMSF: rc=%d.\n",rc);
877 break;
878 case 'V':
879 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMVOLREAD,&volctrl);
880 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMVOLCTRL: rc=%d.\n",rc);
881 printf("Volume: channel 0 (left) %d, channel 1 (right) %d\n",volctrl.channel0,volctrl.channel1);
882 break;
883 case 'R':
884 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMRESET);
885 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMRESET: rc=%d.\n",rc);
886 break;
887 #ifdef AZT_PRIVATE_IOCTLS /*not supported by every CDROM driver*/
888 case 'd':
889 printf("Address (min:sec:frm) ");
890 scanf("%d:%d:%d",&i1,&i2,&i3);
891 azt.msf.cdmsf_min0=i1;
892 azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0=i2;
893 azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0=i3;
894 if (azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0>59) azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0=59;
895 if (azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0>74) azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0=74;
896 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADMODE1,&azt.msf);
897 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMREADMODE1: rc=%d.\n",rc);
898 else display(CD_FRAMESIZE,azt.buf);
899 break;
900 case 'w':
901 printf("Address (min:sec:frame) ");
902 scanf("%d:%d:%d",&i1,&i2,&i3);
903 azt.msf.cdmsf_min0=i1;
904 azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0=i2;
905 azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0=i3;
906 if (azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0>59) azt.msf.cdmsf_sec0=59;
907 if (azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0>74) azt.msf.cdmsf_frame0=74;
908 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADMODE2,&azt.msf);
909 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMREADMODE2: rc=%d.\n",rc);
910 else display(CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW,azt.buf); /* currently only 2336 */
911 break;
912 #endif
913 case 'v':
914 printf("--Channel 0 (Left) (0-255): ");
915 scanf("%d",&i1);
916 volctrl.channel0=i1;
917 printf("--Channel 1 (Right) (0-255): ");
918 scanf("%d",&i1);
919 volctrl.channel1=i1;
920 volctrl.channel2=0;
921 volctrl.channel3=0;
922 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMVOLCTRL,&volctrl);
923 if (rc<0) printf("CDROMVOLCTRL: rc=%d.\n",rc);
924 break;
925 case 'q':
926 close(drive);
927 exit(0);
928 case 'h':
929 help();
930 break;
931 case 'T': /* display TOC entry - without involving the driver */
932 scanf("%d",&i);
933 if ((i<hdr.cdth_trk0)||(i>hdr.cdth_trk1))
934 printf("invalid track number.\n");
935 else
936 printf("TocEntry %02d: adr=%01X ctrl=%01X msf=%02d:%02d:%02d mode=%02X\n",
937 TocEntry[i].cdte_track,
938 TocEntry[i].cdte_adr,
939 TocEntry[i].cdte_ctrl,
940 TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.msf.minute,
941 TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.msf.second,
942 TocEntry[i].cdte_addr.msf.frame,
943 TocEntry[i].cdte_datamode);
944 break;
945 case 'A': /* read audio data into file */
946 printf("Address (min:sec:frm) ? ");
947 scanf("%d:%d:%d",&i1,&i2,&i3);
948 read_audio.addr.msf.minute=i1;
949 read_audio.addr.msf.second=i2;
950 read_audio.addr.msf.frame=i3;
951 read_audio.addr_format=CDROM_MSF;
952 printf("# of frames ? ");
953 scanf("%d",&i1);
954 read_audio.nframes=i1;
955 k=read_audio.nframes*CD_FRAMESIZE_RAW;
956 read_audio.buf=malloc(k);
957 if (read_audio.buf==NULL)
958 {
959 printf("can't malloc %d bytes.\n",k);
960 break;
961 }
962 sprintf(filename,"audio_%02d%02d%02d_%02d.%02d\0",
963 read_audio.addr.msf.minute,
964 read_audio.addr.msf.second,
965 read_audio.addr.msf.frame,
966 read_audio.nframes,
967 ++sequence);
968 datafile=creat(filename, 0755);
969 if (datafile<0)
970 {
971 printf("can't open datafile %s.\n",filename);
972 break;
973 }
974 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMREADAUDIO,&read_audio);
975 if (rc!=0)
976 {
977 printf("CDROMREADAUDIO: rc=%d.\n",rc);
978 }
979 else
980 {
981 rc=write(datafile,&read_audio.buf,k);
982 if (rc!=k) printf("datafile I/O error (%d).\n",rc);
983 }
984 close(datafile);
985 break;
986 case 'X': /* set EJECT_SW (0: disable, 1: enable auto-ejecting) */
987 scanf("%d",&i);
988 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMEJECT_SW,i);
989 if (rc!=0)
990 printf("CDROMEJECT_SW: rc=%d.\n",rc);
991 else
992 printf("EJECT_SW set to %d\n",i);
993 break;
994 case 'M': /* get the multisession redirection info */
995 ms_info.addr_format=CDROM_LBA;
996 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMMULTISESSION,&ms_info);
997 if (rc!=0)
998 {
999 printf("CDROMMULTISESSION(lba): rc=%d.\n",rc);
1001 else
1003 if (ms_info.xa_flag) printf("MultiSession offset (lba): %d (0x%06X)\n",ms_info.addr.lba,ms_info.addr.lba);
1004 else
1006 printf("this CD is not an XA disk.\n");
1007 break;
1010 ms_info.addr_format=CDROM_MSF;
1011 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMMULTISESSION,&ms_info);
1012 if (rc!=0)
1014 printf("CDROMMULTISESSION(msf): rc=%d.\n",rc);
1016 else
1018 if (ms_info.xa_flag)
1019 printf("MultiSession offset (msf): %02d:%02d:%02d (0x%02X%02X%02X)\n",
1020 ms_info.addr.msf.minute,
1021 ms_info.addr.msf.second,
1022 ms_info.addr.msf.frame,
1023 ms_info.addr.msf.minute,
1024 ms_info.addr.msf.second,
1025 ms_info.addr.msf.frame);
1026 else printf("this CD is not an XA disk.\n");
1028 break;
1029 #ifdef SBP_PRIVATE_IOCTLS
1030 case 'Y': /* set the driver's message level */
1031 #if 0 /* not implemented yet */
1032 printf("enter switch name (f.e. DBG_CMD): ");
1033 scanf("%s",&dbg_switch);
1034 j=get_dbg_num(dbg_switch);
1035 #else
1036 printf("enter DDIOCSDBG switch number: ");
1037 scanf("%d",&j);
1038 #endif
1039 printf("enter 0 for \"off\", 1 for \"on\": ");
1040 scanf("%d",&i);
1041 if (i==0) j|=0x80;
1042 printf("calling \"ioctl(drive,DDIOCSDBG,%d)\"\n",j);
1043 rc=ioctl(drive,DDIOCSDBG,j);
1044 printf("DDIOCSDBG: rc=%d.\n",rc);
1045 break;
1046 case 'Z': /* set the audio buffer size */
1047 printf("# frames wanted: ? ");
1048 scanf("%d",&j);
1049 rc=ioctl(drive,CDROMAUDIOBUFSIZ,j);
1050 printf("%d frames granted.\n",rc);
1051 break;
1052 #endif /* SBP_PRIVATE_IOCTLS */
1053 default:
1054 printf("unknown command: \"%s\".\n",command);
1055 break;
1058 return 0;
1060 /*==========================================================================*/