ia64/linux-2.6.18-xen.hg

view mm/pdflush.c @ 563:3b3701ad4eec

pvSCSI frontend driver

Signed-off-by: Tomonari Horikoshi <t.horikoshi@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Jun Kamada <kama@jp.fujitsu.com>
author Keir Fraser <keir.fraser@citrix.com>
date Mon Jun 02 09:58:56 2008 +0100 (2008-06-02)
parents 831230e53067
children
line source
1 /*
2 * mm/pdflush.c - worker threads for writing back filesystem data
3 *
4 * Copyright (C) 2002, Linus Torvalds.
5 *
6 * 09Apr2002 akpm@zip.com.au
7 * Initial version
8 * 29Feb2004 kaos@sgi.com
9 * Move worker thread creation to kthread to avoid chewing
10 * up stack space with nested calls to kernel_thread.
11 */
13 #include <linux/sched.h>
14 #include <linux/list.h>
15 #include <linux/signal.h>
16 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
17 #include <linux/gfp.h>
18 #include <linux/init.h>
19 #include <linux/module.h>
20 #include <linux/fs.h> // Needed by writeback.h
21 #include <linux/writeback.h> // Prototypes pdflush_operation()
22 #include <linux/kthread.h>
23 #include <linux/cpuset.h>
26 /*
27 * Minimum and maximum number of pdflush instances
28 */
29 #define MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS 2
30 #define MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS 8
32 static void start_one_pdflush_thread(void);
35 /*
36 * The pdflush threads are worker threads for writing back dirty data.
37 * Ideally, we'd like one thread per active disk spindle. But the disk
38 * topology is very hard to divine at this level. Instead, we take
39 * care in various places to prevent more than one pdflush thread from
40 * performing writeback against a single filesystem. pdflush threads
41 * have the PF_FLUSHER flag set in current->flags to aid in this.
42 */
44 /*
45 * All the pdflush threads. Protected by pdflush_lock
46 */
47 static LIST_HEAD(pdflush_list);
48 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pdflush_lock);
50 /*
51 * The count of currently-running pdflush threads. Protected
52 * by pdflush_lock.
53 *
54 * Readable by sysctl, but not writable. Published to userspace at
55 * /proc/sys/vm/nr_pdflush_threads.
56 */
57 int nr_pdflush_threads = 0;
59 /*
60 * The time at which the pdflush thread pool last went empty
61 */
62 static unsigned long last_empty_jifs;
64 /*
65 * The pdflush thread.
66 *
67 * Thread pool management algorithm:
68 *
69 * - The minimum and maximum number of pdflush instances are bound
70 * by MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS and MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS.
71 *
72 * - If there have been no idle pdflush instances for 1 second, create
73 * a new one.
74 *
75 * - If the least-recently-went-to-sleep pdflush thread has been asleep
76 * for more than one second, terminate a thread.
77 */
79 /*
80 * A structure for passing work to a pdflush thread. Also for passing
81 * state information between pdflush threads. Protected by pdflush_lock.
82 */
83 struct pdflush_work {
84 struct task_struct *who; /* The thread */
85 void (*fn)(unsigned long); /* A callback function */
86 unsigned long arg0; /* An argument to the callback */
87 struct list_head list; /* On pdflush_list, when idle */
88 unsigned long when_i_went_to_sleep;
89 };
91 static int __pdflush(struct pdflush_work *my_work)
92 {
93 current->flags |= PF_FLUSHER | PF_SWAPWRITE;
94 my_work->fn = NULL;
95 my_work->who = current;
96 INIT_LIST_HEAD(&my_work->list);
98 spin_lock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
99 nr_pdflush_threads++;
100 for ( ; ; ) {
101 struct pdflush_work *pdf;
103 set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
104 list_move(&my_work->list, &pdflush_list);
105 my_work->when_i_went_to_sleep = jiffies;
106 spin_unlock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
107 schedule();
108 try_to_freeze();
109 spin_lock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
110 if (!list_empty(&my_work->list)) {
111 /*
112 * Someone woke us up, but without removing our control
113 * structure from the global list. swsusp will do this
114 * in try_to_freeze()->refrigerator(). Handle it.
115 */
116 my_work->fn = NULL;
117 continue;
118 }
119 if (my_work->fn == NULL) {
120 printk("pdflush: bogus wakeup\n");
121 continue;
122 }
123 spin_unlock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
125 (*my_work->fn)(my_work->arg0);
127 /*
128 * Thread creation: For how long have there been zero
129 * available threads?
130 */
131 if (jiffies - last_empty_jifs > 1 * HZ) {
132 /* unlocked list_empty() test is OK here */
133 if (list_empty(&pdflush_list)) {
134 /* unlocked test is OK here */
135 if (nr_pdflush_threads < MAX_PDFLUSH_THREADS)
136 start_one_pdflush_thread();
137 }
138 }
140 spin_lock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
141 my_work->fn = NULL;
143 /*
144 * Thread destruction: For how long has the sleepiest
145 * thread slept?
146 */
147 if (list_empty(&pdflush_list))
148 continue;
149 if (nr_pdflush_threads <= MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS)
150 continue;
151 pdf = list_entry(pdflush_list.prev, struct pdflush_work, list);
152 if (jiffies - pdf->when_i_went_to_sleep > 1 * HZ) {
153 /* Limit exit rate */
154 pdf->when_i_went_to_sleep = jiffies;
155 break; /* exeunt */
156 }
157 }
158 nr_pdflush_threads--;
159 spin_unlock_irq(&pdflush_lock);
160 return 0;
161 }
163 /*
164 * Of course, my_work wants to be just a local in __pdflush(). It is
165 * separated out in this manner to hopefully prevent the compiler from
166 * performing unfortunate optimisations against the auto variables. Because
167 * these are visible to other tasks and CPUs. (No problem has actually
168 * been observed. This is just paranoia).
169 */
170 static int pdflush(void *dummy)
171 {
172 struct pdflush_work my_work;
173 cpumask_t cpus_allowed;
175 /*
176 * pdflush can spend a lot of time doing encryption via dm-crypt. We
177 * don't want to do that at keventd's priority.
178 */
179 set_user_nice(current, 0);
181 /*
182 * Some configs put our parent kthread in a limited cpuset,
183 * which kthread() overrides, forcing cpus_allowed == CPU_MASK_ALL.
184 * Our needs are more modest - cut back to our cpusets cpus_allowed.
185 * This is needed as pdflush's are dynamically created and destroyed.
186 * The boottime pdflush's are easily placed w/o these 2 lines.
187 */
188 cpus_allowed = cpuset_cpus_allowed(current);
189 set_cpus_allowed(current, cpus_allowed);
191 return __pdflush(&my_work);
192 }
194 /*
195 * Attempt to wake up a pdflush thread, and get it to do some work for you.
196 * Returns zero if it indeed managed to find a worker thread, and passed your
197 * payload to it.
198 */
199 int pdflush_operation(void (*fn)(unsigned long), unsigned long arg0)
200 {
201 unsigned long flags;
202 int ret = 0;
204 BUG_ON(fn == NULL); /* Hard to diagnose if it's deferred */
206 spin_lock_irqsave(&pdflush_lock, flags);
207 if (list_empty(&pdflush_list)) {
208 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pdflush_lock, flags);
209 ret = -1;
210 } else {
211 struct pdflush_work *pdf;
213 pdf = list_entry(pdflush_list.next, struct pdflush_work, list);
214 list_del_init(&pdf->list);
215 if (list_empty(&pdflush_list))
216 last_empty_jifs = jiffies;
217 pdf->fn = fn;
218 pdf->arg0 = arg0;
219 wake_up_process(pdf->who);
220 spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pdflush_lock, flags);
221 }
222 return ret;
223 }
225 static void start_one_pdflush_thread(void)
226 {
227 kthread_run(pdflush, NULL, "pdflush");
228 }
230 static int __init pdflush_init(void)
231 {
232 int i;
234 for (i = 0; i < MIN_PDFLUSH_THREADS; i++)
235 start_one_pdflush_thread();
236 return 0;
237 }
239 module_init(pdflush_init);